“Alms are for the poor and needy, and those employed to administer the (funds); for those whose hearts have been (recently) reconciled (to Truth); for those in bondage and in debt; in the cause of Allah, and the wayfarer…” Quran (Tawbah 9:60)
Zakat is one of the five pillars of Islam, a duty upon every Muslim and the right of the poor and needy. Allah (swt) and His Messenger (saws) inform us that giving zakat not only fulfils this duty and helps those in need, but also purifies one’s wealth so that it may continue to grow — indeed, this is the Arabic meaning of the word ‘zakat.’
One of the many benefits of zakah is that it helps provide a form of social justice: a way to redistribute wealth from the better off to those who are less fortunate. For this reason those that are eligible to receive zakah are precisely stipulated unlike the case of general sadaqah.
Almost all of Mankind Welfare Trust’s work with the poor and needy, including orphans, widows and the disabled involves working directly with those zakah is intended to help.
Paying your zakah through Mankind Welfare Trust not only allows you to fulfil your obligations and rest assured your money is being given to those in need and in accordance with Islamic law but also allows you to support our work with some of the planet’s poorest people.
How should I Calculate Zakat?
Zakah is payable at a rate of 2.5% on most types of wealth, subject to two basic conditions:
The value of one’s wealth exceeds the nisab (minimum value for zakah to be payable) and
The wealth has been in one’s possession for at least a year.
The nisab — the minimum value of wealth one must hold for zakah to become applicable — is defined as 87.5g of pure gold or its equivalent value in money and applies not only to gold but to all types of wealth on which zakah is payable.
Some of the types of wealth on which zakah is due are:
gold and silver,
cash held at home or in bank accounts,
stocks and shares,
money lent to others and
business stock in trade.
Zakah is paid on wealth net of certain liabilities such as money owed to others, but excludes long term debt that is paid in instalments, such as repayments on a house.
Once calculated zakah must be paid to one of the stipulated causes eligible for zakah, such as the truly poor and needy.
How to Donate Your Zakah?
You can give your zakat using the information using the information on the Donate page specifying zakat as the type of your donation. For all projects and funds listed on the website you have the option, whenever applicable, to specify your donation is zakat. You can also give your zakat by cheque as you would any other donation to Mankind Welfare Trust.
Why Should I Give Zakat?
Allah (The Glorified and the Exalted- Subhaanahu wa Ta’ala) commands in the Quran, “Take alms out of their property, you would cleanse them and purify them thereby, and pray for them; surely your prayer is a relief to them; and Allah is Hearing, Knowing.” [Al-Quran 9:103]
Allah (The Glorified and Exalted) says in the Quran: “And keep up prayer and pay the poor-due (Zakat) and obey the Messenger, so that mercy may be shown to you.” [Al-Quran 24:56]
Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: Allah’s Apostle said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles): To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle; to offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly; to pay Zakat (i.e. alms); to perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca), and to observe fast during the month of Ramadan. (Sahih Bukhari, Vol.1, Book 2, No.7)
At-Tabarani relates, on the authority of ‘Ali, that the Prophet (PBUH) said: “Allah has enjoined upon rich Muslims a due to be taken from their properties corresponding to the needs of the poor among them. The poor will never suffer from starvation or lack of clothes unless the rich neglect their due. If they do, Allah will surely hold them accountable and punish them severely.”
(related by At-Tabarani in Al-‘Aswat and as-Saghir)
Who Receives Zakat?
“The alms are only for the Fuqara’ (the poor), and Al-Masakeen (the needy) and those employed to collect (the funds); and to attract the hearts of those who have been inclined (towards Islam); and to free the captives; and for those in debt; and for Allah’s Cause, and for the wayfarer (a traveler who is cut off from everything); a duty imposed by Allah. And Allah is All-Knower, All-Wise.” [Al-Quran – 9:60]
The eight categories mentioned in the verse above are:
Those who own property in excess of basic necessities but below the value of Nisab
Extremely poor who possess no wealth whatsoever
Those persons who are appointed by an Islamic Head of State or Government to collect Zakat; this person does not have to be a needy person to qualify for Zakat
- Muallafatul Quloob
Those poor and needy persons who may have recently converted to Islam; Zakat is given to them with the intentions of solidifying their hearts or to bring them closer to Islam
Slaves whose masters have agreed to set them free on a payment of a fixed amount; Zakat may be used to purchase their freedom
- Al Ghaarimeen
A person whose debts exceed his assets; to qualify, his/her net assets (after deducting liabilities) must be below the Nisab limit
- Fi Sabeelillah
Those who are away from home in the path of Allah
A traveler, who, whilst wealthy at his residence, is stranded and in need of financial assistance